1 Corinthians 12:1-11
In the greater context of 1 Corinthians (ch. 8-14), Paul is dealing with life in the community of faith, the local church. This is his great presupposition in writing to the Corinthians- while they had many, many spiritual problems and even failures, they were still a true church, gathering together for fellowship, worship, service, edification, and doctrinal catechism. Their assembly was very imperfect and greatly flawed, but Paul did not tell them to disband or quit the church. Rather, Paul continually affirms that the local church, the physical and regular gathering together of God’s people, is God’s plan for the New Testament; so fix the problems in the assembly, he says, so that we may have a mature church, a triumphant church, a godly church, as he said elsewhere to the Ephesians, that God may present to himself a glorious church, not having spot or wrinkle, or any such thing; but that it may be holy and without blemish. And by the grace of God, we relentlessly pursue such noble goals here at the church in Gibraltar, trusting God to do his work of grace in us as well.
So Paul now deals with the inter-working of the members of the body of the church, their ministry of edification to one another through the spiritual gifts.